A test-tube baby is a child who has been conceived outside the female body. This is done through the medical process of In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) which involves mixing sperm with eggs in a petri dish. The embryo is then implanted into the mother’s womb. This is a common treatment for couples who have issues with conceiving a child. However, the term is misleading as it suggests that the baby was conceived in a tube, when in fact the fertilised egg is actually implanted into the woman’s uterus.시험관아기
The world’s first test-tube baby was born in 1978, and since then millions of children have been conceived through IVF. It is a popular treatment for infertility and can also be used to avoid passing genetic defects. It is not unusual for couples to seek this treatment, especially if they have suffered damage to both or one of the fallopian tubes in women or poor sperm count in men.
In the process of IVF, a woman is provided with hormonal injections to stimulate the development of her eggs. These are then collected from her ovary and combined with the partner’s sperm in a lab. After several days of close observation, the doctor selects a few embryos that appear to be most viable. These are then transferred into the woman’s uterus via a thin catheter. The embryos are then monitored for any signs of implantation and growth.
When the embryos have been successfully implanted, the lining of the uterus is prepared for pregnancy by using a specialised medication called progesterone. The resulting pregnancy is often very successful and most of these babies grow up to be healthy, normal children. But, like any child, they do face some health risks later in life. They are at higher risk of low birth weight, and are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes as adults.
When the first test-tube baby was born, it created much interest in the media. It was a symbol of new control over human reproduction that had previously only been possible through sexual intercourse. The name chosen for the new treatment was IVF, which is short for In Vitro Fertilisation. The use of this method has now become a mainstream procedure and an estimated 8 million IVF-conceived babies have been born worldwide. It is a highly successful and popular treatment that can help overcome a variety of fertility issues including blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, poor sperm quality, or even a genetic condition passed from father to daughter such as Down’s syndrome. It is a procedure that will continue to be explored and developed as scientific knowledge progresses. This is a wonderful advancement that will benefit many families around the world, and the term “test-tube baby” has become something of an insult to this achievement. Nevertheless, it is still commonly used as a colloquial phrase to refer to a child that has been conceived through IVF. This is a good thing as it helps to remove any stigma from this treatment.서울아이앤여성의원